Viracochas of the Inca
In the beginning it said by the Indian descendants of the Inca, that Kon-Tiki Viracocha came forth from the darkness to bring light, creating the Earth, the moon, the sun and stars. Viracocha then, pleased with his creation but bored decided to breath into the stones of the Earth to create man, but it is said he became displeased, as the stone race were brainless giants crude and barbaric.
So Viracocha then destroyed them with a great flood and breathed into smaller stones to create a new race capable of greater achievement and refinement. From the stones, eight civilized men would spread the knowledge of the Viracocha and bring prosperity amongst the peoples of Earth.
According to different accounts, the myth and legend of Viracocha varies. However, when the Spanish first arrived in South America, the explorers asked the Incas who had built the great ruins of Tihuanaco, a city that stood on the banks of the primordial lake where Viracocha supposedly manifested the noble hero Manco Capac, the mythical founder of the Inca civilization. The Inca said that it was not they but the mysterious Viracocha who built it, in long ages past. Viracocha then left across the sea, never to return. It was believed however that one day he would return.
The Gods Return?
The appearance of the Spaniards originally delighted the Inca, who thought the explorers the gods, remarkably resembling the features of the viracochas pale skin, long beards, and light hair. The Inca word Viracocha, literally translates to "Sea foam", or "Vanishes like the sea foam". The arrival of the Spanish from across the sea must have seemed to the Incas that the Viracocha gods had literally returned from the sea.
Like many other ancient creation myths, the tale of Viracocha is amazing similar, where a gigantic flood consumed a previous peoples and brought a new age of civilization in the wake of the floods destruction. The different stages of rapid sea level rise known to exist at the end of the last Ice Age may symbolically be represented within the telling of the local legends of the Viracocha.
Throughout the South American and Mesoamerican cultures, images of the civilizing hero of Viracocha show up in the art and myths of the people. Often depicted as a tall, white, bearded man carrying the iconic staff of knowledge. Pedro Samiento de Gamboa (1532-1592) described the deity as a tall white man, bearded, carrying a satchel full of books, who gifted the early peoples of the Earth with the knowledge to cultivate crops and understand nature. Pedro de Gamboa, was himself a scientist, explorer, author, historian, and astronomer, unlike many of the Conquistadors who came to destroy much of the indigenous peoples, De Gamboa came to chronicle for the royal Spanish court the histories and culture of the Inca.
The works written by De Gamboa once compiled and finished, were reviewed by an assembly of over 42 indigenous authorities for commentary and correction. The authenticity of the documents is not known, but the testified review lends the writings certain credibility, possibly ruling out the influence of a post-colonial racist view. It could have, on the other hand, been a staged effort on behalf of the Royal Court, lending the Spanish Crown the opportunity it sought to legitimize and proceed with colonization of the far away Americas.
Red Haired Mummies of the Nazca and Paracas
Evidence for the mysterious Viracochas mentioned by the Incas, is sometimes associated with the finds of the many red haired mummies found in the necropolises of Nazca and the Paracas. The red haired peoples appear to be a group of peoples often given preferential burial spots with many grave goods and sacred wrappings. Such a large volume of light haired mummies introduces a new dimension of controversy to pre Inca scholarship.
Red haired Paracas Mummies
DNA gene traits for red hair are attributed mostly to a white Caucasian gene pool descending from New Zealand and the United Kingdom and Scandinavia, thousands of miles away across the ocean. In fact, the trait is known to occur in less than 1-2% of people around the world, but consists of 13% of the population in the United Kingdom area, including England, Ireland, and Scotland, part of the primary origins of the Caucasian DNA strand. The visual descriptions by the many South American ancient cultures of the Viracocha god figure, is believed by some to closely mirror the Caucasian Red haired mummies.
Fortress of the Cloud People Tribe
Another discovery provides further proof for a foreign migration, as archaeologists unveiled the first official settlement of the mysterious Cloud People Tribe in the Peruvian amazon jungle, an elusive Caucasian blonde haired warrior clan well hidden within an outcropped fortified citadel. It is believed the warriors used the canyon as an essential defense, using the chasm to spy and surprise attack rivals passing through their domain.
Cloud Tribe Fortress
Connections to the Aztecs of Mexico
Images of the Viracocha gods are seen in the Aztec culture in the god Quetzalcoatl and in the Mayan god, Kukulkhan, who often appears as a white man, with a beard of feathers. In the stories relayed by the Aztecs in the Codices and other artwork in their cities, the Aztecs depict Quetzalcoatl as the civilizing hero of creation who came from across the sea and brought civilization, agriculture, and knowledge to the people in the wake of the destructive floods of primordial times.
The Aztecs, like the Incas, considered the arriving Spaniards as the returning incarnations of the gods, and welcomed Cortez when he landed in 1521 to their greatest capital Tenochtitlan by the Aztec emperor himself Moctezuma. Gifts of gold and jewelry were given freely to Cortez upon the Spanish conquistador's arrival.
The image of the Viracocha as the civilizing hero, can be seen as far back as the first civilizations of South America, in the Norte Chico civilization, c. 3000BC-2000BC, at the ancient city of Caral in coastal Peru. A pictogram of the coveted "Staff God" is seen, which appears again with the Inca, and the earlier ruins at Tiwanaku on the gateway of the sun. In the Moche culture as well, many wooden figurines were carved as bearded wise men. The recurrence of the deities form across so many cultures, beckons the idea that an early culture may have shared some sort of common story with the many ancient civilizations of mesoamerica and South America.